Jurnal Melayu

Jurnal Melayu DBP

POLA PERBELANJAAN BELIA MELAYU B40 DAN M40 DI KUALA LUMPUR

 

(The Pattern of Consumption of B40 and M40 Youth in Kuala Lumpur)

 

Nur Jannah Bukhari*

[email protected]

Marzudi Md Yunus

[email protected]

 

Jabatan Sosio-Budaya/ Kesenian Melayu, Akademi Pengajian Melayu,

Universiti Malaya

 

Kim Keum Hyun

[email protected]

Jabatan Bahasa Asia dan Eropah, Fakulti Bahasa dan Linguistik, Universiti Malaya.

 

Aida Idris

[email protected]

Jabatan Polisi dan Perancangan Perniagaan, Fakulti Perniagaan dan Perakaunan,

Universiti Malaya.

 

Terbit dalam talian (published online): 1 Januari 2021

Sila rujuk: Nur Jannah Bukhari, Marzudi Md Yunus, Kim Keum Hyun dan Aida Idris. (2021). Pola Perbelanjaan Belia Melayu di Kuala Lumpur. Melayu: Jurnal Antarabangsa Dunia Melayu, 14(1), 45‒68.

 

Abstrak

Fokus kajian ini adalah untuk menganalisis perbelanjaan belia kumpulan B40 dan M40 yang menetap di bandar, iaitu Kuala Lumpur berdasarkan keperluan tertentu. Bagi mencapai objektif kajian ini, satu kerangka kajian tentang keperluan yang diutamakan ketika berbelanja telah dibangunkan. Keperluan tersebut merangkumi keperluan asas, perlindungan dan kesihatan, keluarga, agama, dan masa lapang. Hasil dapatan kajian memperlihatkan bahawa tiada perbezaan yang signifikan antara kedua-dua kumpulan tersebut ketika berbelanja. Walau bagaimanapun, terdapat perbezaan keutamaan ketika berbelanja yang didorong oleh keinginan untuk menjamin kelangsungan hidup di bandar. Walaupun keperluan asas seperti pemilikan rumah sering menjadi topik perbincangan dalam kajian perbelanjaan khususnya bagi kumpulan berpendapatan rendah dan sederhana, harga rumah yang tidak mampu milik lebih-lebih lagi di bandar telah menyebabkan perbelanjaan bagi keperluan perumahan membeli rumah bukanlah penyumbang utama dalam keseluruhan perbelanjaan. Akhir kajian ini mengetengahkan bahawa jenis penempatan menyumbang kepada bentuk gaya hidup dan perbelanjaan yang menjadi amalan oleh golongan belia di bandar.

Kata kunci: bandar, belia, keperluan, Melayu, pendapatan, perbelanjaan

 

Abstract

This study focuses on analyzing the spending patterns of youths from across the B40 and M40 income strata living in Kuala Lumpur. To achieve the objectives of this study, an analytical framework was developed that prioritizes needs. These needs include basic necessities, shelter and health, family, religious matters, and free time. The results of this study show that there is no significant difference between the two groups in terms of spending patterns. However, there is a difference in terms of priorities, which are led by the desire to guarantee survival in the city. Basic necessities, such as house ownership, feature as top topics in the discussion of expenditure, especially among lower and middle-income groups. However, the pricing of homes which renders them unattainable to these two groups, especially in the urban setting, results in expenses related to home purchases not being a main item in their spending patterns. This study highlights that the type of residence contributes to the shaping of the lifestyle and spending patterns of urban youth.

Keywords: urban, youth, needs, Malay, income, expenditure

 

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