Jurnal Melayu

Jurnal Melayu DBP

PEMODENAN MASYARAKAT PENEROKA FELDA SEMARAK, JENGKA 15 PAHANG

(The Modernization of the Settlers of Felda Semarak Jengka 15 in Pahang)

Mohd Zufri Mamat

mdzufri@um.edu.my

Mohd Hazim Shah Abd. Murad

drhazim@um.edu.my

Fakulti Sains

Universiti Malaya

Abstrak

Perbincangan mengenai pemodenan sering dikaitkan dengan perubahan nilai. Di Barat, modenisasi dikaitkan dengan keterbukaan masyarakatnya menerima perubahan dari aspek pemikiran dan kesediaan meliberalkan nilai tradisional. Wacana pemodenan Melayu juga tidak terlepas daripada menyentuh isu anjakan nilai. Pada satu pihak, terdapat stigma untuk mengekalkan nilai tradisional dalam usaha pembangunan dan pemodenan, dan pada satu pihak yang lain nilai tradisional dianggap perlu bagi jati diri dan identiti budaya, maka wujudlah suatu dilema. Dengan mengambil model pemodenan Melayu luar bandar oleh FELDA sebagai kajian kes, makalah ini akan mengupas isu pemodenan Melayu dengan membentangkan satu perspektif berdasarkan konsep kemodenan pelbagai” yang mencadangkan modenisasi sebagai sesuatu yang boleh mengambil pelbagai bentuk. Idea ini bertentangan dengan teori modenisasi konvensional oleh Marx, Durkheim atau Weber yang menganggap pemodenan sesuatu masyarakat perlu mengikut perubahan dan perkembangan sepertimana yang telah berlaku di Barat. Penulis berpandangan bahawa pemodenan masyarakat Melayu mengambil bentuk berbeza daripada konteks pemodenan Barat kerana setiap masyarakat tidak berdiri secara vakum malah mempunyai struktur institusi sosialnya yang tersendiri dan perlu dihormati.

Kata kunci: pembangunan, pemodenan Melayu, nilai, sikap, modenisasi konvensional, kemodenan pelbagai

Abstract

In discussion, modernization is often associated with changes in value, and in the Western concept of modernization it is associated with the openness of the community to accept change in thinking and the willingness to liberalize traditional values. The discourse on Malay modernization is also not insulated from touching on issues of changing values. Some people feel that traditional values do not have a place in the community’s development and modernization efforts, while on the other hand preservation of traditional values is seen as essential for cultural identity and authenticity—hence leading to a dilemma. Taking the model of the modernization of rural Malays by FELDA as a case study, this paper will discuss the issue of Malay modernization by presenting a perspective based on the concept of “multiple modernities” which proposes modernization as something that can take various forms. This idea is contrary to the theory of conventional modernization by Marx, Durkheim or Weber, which considers societal modernization as having to follow the same path of change and development as in Western society. We suggest that the modernization of Malay society has taken a different form compared to the West, since no society exists in a vacuum but has its own unique structure of social institutions, which needs to be respected.

Keywords: development, modernity, Malay modernization, values, attitudes, conventional modernization, multiple modernities

 

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