Jurnal Melayu

Jurnal Melayu DBP

PERANAN DAN PENGLIBATAN ORANG LAUT JOHOR-RIAU SEMASA ERA KERAJAAN MELAYU TRADISIONAL

(The Role and Involvement of Orang Laut of Johor-Riau during the Era of Traditional Malay Kingdom)

 *Roziah Mohamad Ali

ziemohdali@gmail.com

Khairi Ariffin

khairi.ariffin@fsk.upsi.edu.my

Jabatan Sejarah, Fakulti Sains Kemanusiaan,

Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris.

Terbit dalam talian (published online): 3 Januari 2020

Sila rujuk: Roziah Mohamad Ali dan Khairi Ariffin. (2020). Peranan dan Penglibatan Orang Laut Johor-Riau semasa Era Kerajaan Melayu Tradisional. Melayu: Jurnal Antarabangsa Dunia Melayu, 13(1), 1-24.

 Abstrak

Orang Laut Johor-Riau pernah memainkan peranan penting dalam era pembentukan kerajaan Melayu tradisional. Pendekatan kualitatif dengan reka bentuk analisis dokumen dan manuskrip telah digunakan untuk menjawab soalan kajian dengan memperoleh sumber utama seperti dokumen dan manuskrip. Kajian turut disokong oleh sumber kedua dalam bentuk buku, jurnal dan artikel. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahawa Orang Laut Johor-Riau merupakan tiang kuasa kepada kekuatan dan kegemilangan empayar Srivijaya sehingga kepada kerajaan Melayu Melaka dan Johor-Riau. Walau bagaimanapun, perubahan politi ekoran perpecahan yang berlaku dalam kerajaan Johor-Riau pada akhir abad ke-17 telah menjejaskan hubungan timbal balik yang terjalin antara Orang Laut Johor-Riau dengan kerajaan Melayu tradisional. Kesimpulan daripada kajian menunjukkan bahawa perubahan politi yang berlaku telah meminggirkan Orang Laut Johor-Riau. Implikasi kajian menunjukkan bahawa perubahan politi yang berlaku seiring dengan perubahan peradaban ternyata memberikan kesan kepada masyarakat yang tidak bergerak seiring dengan perubahan tersebut.

Kata kunci: Orang Laut Johor-Riau, Srivijaya, kerajaan Melayu tradisional

Abstract

The Orang Laut of Johor‒Riau played a significant role in the early establishment of traditional Malay kingdoms. A qualitative approach together with document and manuscript analysis were applied to answer research questions using primary sources such as documents and manuscripts. The study was also supported by secondary sources in the form of books, journals and articles. The findings show that the Orang Laut of Johor‒Riau were the pillars of strength and glory from the time of the Srivijaya Empire up to the time of the kingdoms of Melaka (Malacca) and Johor‒Riau. Changes in these polities due to the fragmentation of the Johor‒Riau kingdom in the late 17th century affected the reciprocal relationship between the Orang Laut and the Malay kingdoms. The conclusion that this study draws is that the changes in these polities marginalized the Orang Laut of Johor‒Riau. The implications of this study are that the changes in these polities apparently affected people who did not move in tandem with such changes.

Keywords: Orang Laut of Johor-Riau, Srivijaya, Melaka/Malacca, traditional Malay kingdoms, civilization

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