Jurnal Melayu

Jurnal Melayu DBP

Keupayaan Penduduk Melayu Kampung Bandar Menikmati Kualiti Hidup di Bandar

(The Ability of Malay Inhabitants in Urban Villages to Enjoy a Quality Life in Urban Areas)

*Mohamad Shaharudin Samsurijan

msdin@usm.my

Pusat Pengajian Sains Kemasyarakatan,

Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Radin Firdaus Radin Badaruddin

radin@usm.my

Mohd Hafiidz Jaafar

mhafiidz@usm.my

Pusat Pengajian Teknologi Industri,

Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Azahan Awang

azahan@ukm.edu.my

Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan,

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Abstrak

Perkembangan pesat di bandar menyebabkan penduduk Melayu kampung bandar secara sukarela atau terpaksa berhadapan dengan persekitaran yang berubah-ubah dan kompleks. Kajian ini merungkaikan keupayaan penduduk Melayu kampung bandar mencapai status kualiti hidup menerusi aspek ketersediaan diri, sosial dan adaptasi persekitaran. Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan melibatkan sebanyak 509 orang penduduk daripada 21 buah kampung bandar di sekitar bandar Kangar, Alor Setar dan George Town sebagai responden kajian. Hasil kajian mendapati aspek ketersediaan diri individu, sosial dan adaptasi persekitaran telah memberikan jaminan kehidupan yang baik kepada penduduk kampung bandar dan meningkatkan keupayaan menangkis tekanan pembangunan di persekitarannya. Perbandingan antara kawasan kampung bandar pula mendapati penduduk Melayu kampung bandar di Kangar mempunyai keupayaan yang tinggi (62.1%), diikuti Alor Setar (61.9%) dan George Town (61.8%) untuk mencapai status kualiti hidup yang baik. Status kualiti hidup responden di ketiga-tiga bandar adalah seimbang dengan perbezaan relatifnya sekitar 0.1% hingga 0.3% dan berada pada tahap keupayaan sederhana tinggi. Perkembangan bandar di Malaysia memberikan keupayaan yang seimbang kepada penduduk kampung bandar untuk beradaptasi dengan perubahan persekitaran bandar.

Kata kunci: Keupayaan, kualiti hidup, kampung bandar, Melayu

Abstract

Rapid urban development has caused Malay inhabitants of urban villages to have to deal, voluntarily or involuntarily, with a changing and complex environment. This study reveals the ability of such Malay villagers to achieve a quality life through environmental adaptation, as well as social and self-readiness. This study was conducted using a quantitative approach, and involved 509 residents from 21 urban villages around the towns of Kangar, Alor Setar and George Town, as respondents. The findings of the study are that the environmental adaptation, as well as social and self-readiness provide a guarantee for quality living to the villagers, and enhance their ability to deal with the pressures of development in their surroundings. Comparisons between urban village areas showed that the residents of urban villages in Kangar have a high ability of achieving a good quality of life (62.1%), followed by Alor Setar (61.9%) and George Town (61.8%). The status of the quality of life among respondents in all three cities is balanced, with a relative difference of about 0.1% to 0.3%, and thus at a moderate level of ability. Urban development in Malaysia provides urban villagers with a balanced ability to adapt to changes in the urban environment.

Keywords: ability, quality of life, urban village, Malay

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