Jurnal Melayu

Jurnal Melayu DBP

Tahap Harga Diri Kumpulan Berpendapatan Rendah yang Berhutang dan Peranan Organisasi dalam Sektor Perladangan

(Self-Esteem Levels of the Indebted Lower-Income Group and the Role of Organizations in the Plantation Sector)

*Dicky Wiwittan Toto Ngadiman

dicky@polikk.edu.my

Jabatan Perdagangan

Politeknik Kota Kinabalu

 Salmy Edawaty Yacoob

salmy1001@ukm.edu.my

Jabatan Syariah

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Hairunnizam Wahid

hairun@ukm.edu.my

Pusat Pengajian Ekonomi

Fakulti Ekonomi dan Pengurusan

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

 Abstrak

Harga diri merupakan salah satu keperluan dalam diri manusia. Banyak kajian mendapati tindakan seseorang sedikit sebanyak dipengaruhi tahap harga dirinya. Menurut Teori Maslow (1954) sekiranya keperluan ini tidak dipenuhi, seseorang individu akan mengalami identiti gagal, personaliti tidak seimbang, kurang yakin diri dan cepat putus asa, dan kadang-kadang boleh menjurus kepada masalah social dan jenayah. Segelintir kumpulan menganggap wang bukan sahaja instrumen untuk memenuhi keperluan asas bahkan juga untuk keperluan peringkat tinggi seperti harga diri. Disebabkan faktor kemiskinan dan kekurangan sumber pendapatan, individu yang berpendapatan rendah dilihat sebagai kurang berjaya, malu untuk bersosial dengan orang lain. Kumpulan ini juga sering dikaitkan dengan hutang untuk memenuhi keperluan asas mereka. Namun begitu, senario semasa mendapati hutang tidak lagi dikaitkan dengan tujuan untuk membeli keperluan asas tetapi untuk keperluan yang lebih tinggi seperti berhutang untuk meningkatkan harga diri. Terdapat kajian yang menemui adanya hubungan antara sokongan organisasi terhadap harga diri dan mencadangkan supaya organisasi perlu mengembangkan sistem penghargaan yang berfokus kepada harga diri seseorang. Oleh itu, kajian ini dijalankan untuk melihat tahap harga diri komuniti Muslim B40 yang berhutang menilai tahap sokongan organisasi dalam meningkatkan harga diri Muslim B40 yang berhutang. Responden dalam kajian ini terdiri daripada peneroka dan pekerja am Muslim yang tergolong dalam kategori isi rumah berpendapatan rendah yang bermastautin dan bekerja di Felda. Hasil kajian mendapati tahap harga diri mereka dan peranan majikan adalah pada tahap sederhana. Implikasinya, kajian ini dapat membantu pihak pengurusan Felda, majikan dan pihak tertentu di Malaysia untuk merangka pelan pembangunan insan bagi memperkasakan lagi harga diri mereka.

Kata kunci: Harga diri, hutang, berpendapatan rendah, peranan majikan

Abstract

High level self-esteem is a very important human need. Many studies have found that one’s behaviour are somewhat influenced by their level of self-esteem. According to Maslow’s Theory, if this need is not fulfilled, an individual may experience failed identity, unbalanced personality, lack self-confident and quick to quit, and sometimes it may lead to social and criminal problems. Some individual consider money not only as instrument to meet the basic needs but also for the high level needs such as self-esteem. Due to poverty and lack of income, low-income individuals are seen as less successful and reluctant to socialize with others. This group is also often associated with debt to meet their basic needs. However, the current scenario also shows that debt is not only associated with the purpose of purchasing basic needs but also for higher needs such as to increase self-esteem. Previous study found that there is a link between organizational supports towards self-esteem and suggested that organizations need to enhance the rewarding system that is more focuses on individual self-esteem. Hence, this study is conducted to see the level of self-esteem of the B40 Muslim borrower and evaluate the level of organizational support in raising the Muslim B40’s self-esteem. Respondents in this study consisted of settlers and general Muslim workers who belong to the category of low-income households residing and working in Felda. The findings show that their level of self-esteem as well as the role of employers is at a moderate level. Implicitly, this study can help Felda management, employers and certain authorities in Malaysia to draw up human development plan to empower their self-esteem.

Keyword: self-esteem, debt, low income, organizational support

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