Jurnal Melayu

Jurnal Melayu DBP

Api dalam Sekam: Menelusuri Faktor Pencetus Konflik Perkauman Melayu-Cina Selepas Pendudukan Jepun

(Tracing the Factors that Triggered Malay-Chinese Conflict after the Japanese Occupation)

Mohamed Ali Haniffa

Nor Azlah Sham Rambely

Jabatan Tamadun dan Falsafah,
Pusat Pengajian Bahasa, Tamadun dan Falsafah,
Universiti Utara Malaysia.

Ayu Nor Azilah Mohamad

Jabatan Kenegaraan dan Pengajian Ketamadunan,
Pusat Pengajian Teras, Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa.

Abstrak
Artikel ini meneliti faktor yang mencetuskan ketegangan hubungan antara orang Melayu dengan Cina selepas pemerintahan tentera Jepun di Tanah Melayu. Perjanjian Pangkor pada tahun 1874 mengubah landskap penjajahan British di Tanah Melayu. Imperialisme dan kolonialisme membawa kebanjiran imigran di Tanah Melayu dan kehilangan hak orang Melayu di tanah air sendiri. Pemerintahan tentera Jepun memberikan ruang kepada komunis melakukan kezaliman ketika melegitimasikan kuasa mereka. Prasangka yang berakar umbi diterjemahkan dalam bentuk konflik perkauman Melayu-Cina di Tanah Melayu. Orang Melayu yang dizalimi oleh penjajah mula memikirkan kelangsungan survival bangsa. Kajian menggunakan metodologi pendekatan sejarah, rekod kolonial dan wawancara informer tempatan. Ternyata, konflik perkauman Melayu-Cina membangkitkan semangat nasionalisme orang Melayu untuk menentang penjajah.

Kata kunci: Perjanjian Pangkor, imperialisme dan kolonialisme, Jepun, pergaduhan Melayu-Cina, nasionalisme

 

Abstract
This paper examines the factors that sparked tensions between the Malays and the Chinese after the Japanese military rule in Malaya. The Pangkor Treaty of 1874 had changed the British colonial landscape in Malaya. Imperialism and colonialism led to the influx of immigrants in Malaya and the loss of the rights of the Malays in their own homeland. The Japanese military rule gave opportunity to the communists to commit atrocities, especially when legitimising their power. This sowed the seeds of prejudice which then resulted in Malay-Chinese racial conflict in Malaya. The Malays, who had been ill-treated by the colonialists, began to think about the nation’s survival. The present research employed a historical approach methodology, colonial records and interviews with local informants to study existing problems. It shows that Malay-Chinese conflict raised nationalistic feelings among the Malays to stand up against their colonizers.

Keywords: Pangkor Treaty, imperialism and colonialism, Japan, Malay-Chinese conflict, nationalism

 

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