Jurnal Melayu

Jurnal Melayu DBP

METAFORA KRITIKAN DALAM MITOS PEMINANGAN PUTERI GUNUNG LEDANG: ANALISIS PRAGMATIK

(Criticism Metaphors in the Legend of the Marriage Proposal to Puteri Gunung Ledang: A Pragmatic Analysis)

Maizura Osman

maizuraosman@yahoo.com

Nor Hashimah Jalaluddin

shima@ukm.edu.my

Pusat Pengajian Bahasa dan Linguistik,

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

 

Abstrak

Artikel ini memberikan fokus pada metafora kritikan yang disampaikan oleh pengarang tradisional terhadap sikap kepimpinan raja yang disampaikan melalui mitos Puteri Gunung Ledang. Analisis dilakukan dengan menggunakan pendekatan pragmatik, iaitu konsep ad hoc dalam teori relevans dan dikukuhkan dengan pendekatan Rangka Rujuk Silang, manakala data yang digunakan diambil daripada teks Sulalatus Salatin (1997). Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa mitos Puteri Gunung Ledang dicipta untuk menyampaikan kritikan rakyat terhadap sikap golongan raja pada zaman tersebut. Makna sebenar metafora kritikan hanya dapat diinterpretasi melalui analisis pragmatik yang berpada. Hasil kajian juga menemukan alasan sebab kritikan tersebut tidak disampaikan secara langsung. Melalui kajian bersifat teoretis yang dilakukan, didapati pengarang Melayu tradisional merupakan intelek yang mampu menitipkan mesej penting secara kiasan melalui mitos yang dijalinkan bersama-sama sejarah.

Kata kunci: metafora, kritikan, mitos, teori relevans, pragmatik

 Abstract

This study focuses on criticism of the King’s attitude and leadership, as metaphorized by the traditional writers in the legend of Puteri Gunung Ledang. The analysis was conducted using a pragmatic approach, employing the ad hoc concept of the relevance theory,and supported by Bridging Cross Reference, whereas the data used were extracted from the Malay Annals (1997). The results of the study indicate that the legend of Puteri Gunung Ledang was created with the aim of conveying the people’s criticisms of the King during that particular era. The true meaning of these metaphoric criticisms can only be discerned through a reasonable pragmatic analysis. The findings also reveal the reason why these criticisms were not made directly. Through this theoretical study, it can be concluded that the traditional Malay writers were intellectuals who incorporated important messages figuratively in myths and legends intertwined with history.

 Key words: metaphor, criticism, myth, relevance theory, pragmatic

 

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