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CABARAN PELESTARIAN BAHASA MELAYU MENJELANG REVOLUSI INDUSTRI KEEMPAT

(Challenges for the Preservation of the Malay Language in the Imminence of the Fourth Industrial Revolution)

*Arndt Graf

arndtgraf@yahoo.de

Goethe-University of Frankfurt,

Senckenberganlage, Frankfurt, Germany.

Terbit dalam talian (published online): 3 Januari 2020

Sila rujuk: Arndt Graf. (2020). Cabaran Pelestarian Bahasa Melayu Menjelang Revolusi Industri Keempat. Melayu: Jurnal Antarabangsa Dunia Melayu, 13(1), 161-172.

Abstrak

Artikel ini menganalisis cabaran pelestarian bahasa Melayu menjelang revolusi industri keempat. Perbincangan dimulakan dengan sejarah kemunculan konsep industri 4.0 termasuk yang berkaitan dengan “gelombang Kondratiev” dan diikuti dengan perbincangan secara teoretikal hubungan perubahan besar yang akan berlaku dalam bidang teknologi, bahasa, budaya dan politik. Kemunculan industri 4.0 ini dipromosikan oleh kerajaan Jerman sebagai respons kepada kemerosotan peranan negara tersebut dalam ekonomi global, akibat perkembangan pesat ekonomi China dan negara lain yang bukan berbahasa Inggeris atau Anglosphere. Kedudukan bahasa Melayu dan bahasa Indonesia di Malaysia, Indonesia dan Brunei dijangkakan akan terus menjadi penting selama perkembangan ekonomi di ketiga-tiga negara terus terjamin. Konsep Industri 4.0, iaitu kombinasi Internet of Things dengan Internet of Services yang memberikan banyak peluang dan ruang untuk bahasa Melayu selagi pengguna di Malaysia, Indonesia dan Brunei terus bertutur dalam bahasa Melayu. Implikasi bagi sistem pendidikan tinggi adalah untuk meningkatkan kebolehpekerjaan para pelajar dalam era Industri 4.0 dengan pelbagai cara, termasuklah: (1) memperkaya istilah sains dan teknologinya; (2) menambah khazanah ilmu berbahasa Melayu melalui penerbitan makalah jurnal dan buku yang sesuai dengan era Industri 4.0; (3) mengajar semua mata pelajaran di maktab, kolej dan universiti dalam bahasa Melayu. Pendek kata bahasa Melayu wajib dijadikan bahasa wacana untuk Industri 4.0.

Kata kunci: Bahasa Melayu, Revolusi Industri Keempat, Malaysia – Indonesia – Brunei Darussalam, implikasi untuk sistem Pendidikan Tinggi

Abstract

This article analyses the challenges in preserving the Malay language as we head into the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The discussion begins with the history of the concept of Industry 4.0, including the “Kondratiev waves”, followed by a theoretical discussion about the relation between the major changes that will take place in technology, language, culture and politics. The emergence of Industry 4.0 has been promoted by the German government in response to their waning role in the global economy as a result of the rapid development of the Chinese economy, as well as that of other non-English-speaking or non-Anglosphere countries. The position of Malay and Bahasa Indonesia in Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei is expected to remain an important one as long as the economic development of these three countries is maintained. The concept of Industry 4.0, that is, a combination of the “Internet of Things” with the “Internet of Services” provides much opportunity for users in Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei to continue speaking Malay. The implications of this for the higher education system are to increase the employability of students in the era of Industry 4.0 in several ways, including: (1) enriching its scientific and technological terminology; (2) increasing the wealth of resources in Malay through publication of journal articles and books that suit the Industry 4.0 era; (3) teaching all subjects in colleges and universities in Malay. In other words, Malay it is imperative that Malay be made the language of Industry 4.0 discourse.

Keywords: Malay, Fourth Industrial Revolution, Malaysia – Indonesia – Brunei Darussalam, implications for the system of Higher Education

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